Are You a Head Master, Teacher, Parent or Student? we appreciate your help, Please register and add materials to this site or mail to us for all quiries - info@myschoolvision.com
 Home>>CRICKET

Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball team sport. Many variations exist, with its most popular form played on an oval-shaped outdoor arena known as a cricket field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard (20.12 m) long pitch that is the focus of the game. A game (or match) is contested between two teams of eleven players each. One team bats, and will try to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings.

There are also variations in the length of a game of cricket. In professional cricket this ranges from a limit of 20 overs per side (Twenty20) to a game played over 5 days (Test cricket, which is the highest level of the game). Depending on the form of the match being played, there are different rules that govern how a game is won, lost, drawn or tied. The rules of two-innings games are known as the Laws of Cricket and maintained by the ICC and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC); additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches and One Day Internationals augment these laws.[1] In one version of Indoor Cricket, matches include just 6 players per side and include two 12-over innings.[2]

Cricket was first documented as being played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed to the point where it had become the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. Today, the game's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), has 105 member countries.[3] With its greatest popularity in the Test playing countries, cricket is the world's second most popular sport after Association football

 

Rules and Game-play

A typical cricket field.

A cricket match is played between two teams (or sides) of eleven players each[19][20] on a field of variable size and shape. The ground is grassy and is prepared by groundsmen whose jobs include fertilising, mowing, rolling and levelling the surface. Field diameters of 137–150 metres (150–160 yd) are usual.[21] The perimeter of the field is known as the boundary and this is sometimes painted and sometimes marked by a rope that encircles the outer edge of the field. The Laws of Cricket do not specify the size or shape of the field[22] but it is often oval – one of cricket's famous venues is called The Oval.

The key action takes place in a specially prepared area of the field (generally in the centre) that is called the pitch. A run is scored when the batsman has run the length of the pitch after hitting the ball with his bat, although as explained below there are many ways of scoring runs.[23] If the batsmen are not attempting to score any more runs, the ball is dead and is returned to the bowler to be bowled again.[24]

Before play commences, the two team captains toss a coin to decide which team shall bat or bowl first.[20] The captain who wins the toss makes his decision on the basis of tactical considerations which may include the current and expected field and weather conditions.[25]

The bowling side seeks to dismiss the batsmen by various means[26] until the batting side is all out, whereupon the side that was bowling takes its turn to bat and the side that was batting must take the field.[27]

In professional matches, there are 15 people on the field while a match is in play. Two of these are the umpires who regulate all on-field activity. Two are the batsmen, one of whom is the striker as he is facing the bowling; the other is called the non-striker. The roles of the batsmen are interchangeable as runs are scored and oversare completed. The fielding side has all 11 players on the field together.[20] One of them is the bowler, another is the wicketkeeper and the other nine are called fielders. The wicketkeeper (or keeper) is nearly always a specialist but any of the fielders can be called upon to bowl.

Objectives

The objective of each team is to score more runs than the other team and to completely dismiss the other team. In limited overs cricket, winning the game is achieved by scoring the most runs, even if the opposition has not been completely dismissed. In Test cricket, it is necessary to score the most runs and dismiss the opposition twice in order to win the match, which would otherwise be drawn. 

 

Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball team sport. Many variations exist, with its most popular form played on an oval-shaped outdoor arena known as a cricket field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard (20.12 m) longpitch that is the focus of the game. A game (or match) is contested between two teams of eleven players each. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismissthe batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings.

There are also variations in the length of a game of cricket. In professional cricket this ranges from a limit of 20 overs per side (Twenty20) to a game played over 5 days (Test cricket, which is the highest level of the game). Depending on the form of the match being played, there are different rules that govern how a game is won, lost, drawn or tied. The rules of two-innings games are known as the Laws of Cricket and maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC); additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches and One Day Internationals augment these laws.[1] In one version of Indoor Cricket, matches include just 6 players per side and include two 12-over innings.[2]

Cricket was first documented as being played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed to the point where it had become the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC is the game's governing body and currently has105 member countries.[3] Cricket is most popular in the Test playing countries.

Why use my school vision?

  • Attendance

    View a child's attendance by various views from weekly, monthly through a summary feature of view detailed information on specific events.

  • Homework tracker

    Allow parents to keep up-to-date with the current and past homework assigned to their child along with past marks and class averages.

  • Progress reports

    Customise the extent to which you wish to keep parents updated with the amount of detail shown in the real-time reports.

  • Projects and
    lessons plans

    Set, receive and mark projects, courses, cover and lessons. Create multipart lessons that can be used for a single lessons or modular courses.

  • News stories

    Allow members of staff to update the school news to help keep parents and visitors of your website up-to-date on the latest goings on.

  • Events

    Display the up and coming events for your school, take bookings, payments and manage attendees.

  • Learning zone

    Introduce pupils of all ages to online learning with regular additions to learning games covering subjects from numeracy, literacy and further afield.

  • About your school

    Manage public details about your school through pre-defined templates such as year groups, classes and members of staff.

  • Joy of reading maths
  • Joy of reading physics
  • Joy of reading chemistry
  • Joy of reading biology
  • Joy of reading maths
  • Joy of reading physics
  • Joy of reading chemistry
  • Joy of reading biology
Web Site Directory Information
Top
  • Follows us our servcies